Although exports of Peruvian onions grew by 38 percent during the 2009
season, volumes imported by the United States are expected to remain
relatively stable in the coming years.
"It is not advisable to increase export volume this year," said Miguel Ognio,
president of the Onion Subcommittee of the Peruvian Exporters Association.
"[The] United States, which is the main market, is consuming more, and we
must maintain the volume. Therefore, we must be very careful of not
swamping any market. It would be dangerous for our products."
Mr. Ognio said that control of onion flow is expected to keep product prices
high. Export growth cited during 2009 was primarily attributed to emerging
new markets in Europe and Latin America.
Peruvian sweet onions are grown in arid conditions in the Andean country.
Product has a low pungency level, and the onions are extremely sweet as a
result. According to Michael Hively, chief financial officer and general
manager of Bland Farms LLC in Glennville, GA, the Peruvian sweets are the
closest in taste to domestically produced Vidalia, GA, sweet onions, a variety
very popular with American consumers. Peruvian sweet onions are generally
marketed from August through February.
John Shuman, president and director of sales for Shuman Produce Inc. in
Reidsville, GA, said that Peruvian sweets are imported as Vidalia supplies
clean up, giving consumers additional time to purchase sweet onions in the
fall and winter months.
The Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture released
figures on the U.S. import value for products from selected countries in its
Vegetables & Melons Yearbook Data / #89011 publication, which was
released on May 20. According to the report, the value of Peruvian onions
imported into the United States has climbed since 2007, when the value was
$18.974 million. The import value dropped slightly in 2008 to $18.673
million, but rose in 2009 to $22.381 million.
On March 18, 2008, the American Chamber of Commerce of Peru provided
some perspective about Peruvian onion exports that was revealing. According
to AmCham Peru, the United States was the most important export
destination, and the United States, Chile and Holland together received 86
percent of the country's worldwide onion exports in 2007.
On Feb. 22, 2010, Professor Jose G. Peña published information on imported
Peruvian sweet onions in the publication Ag-Eco News. According to the
report, supplies of Peruvian sweets in the United States from the 2009 crop
were quickly drying up in February, and the value per 40-pound carton was
$20 to $24.
On Feb. 2, Peru's Foreign Commerce Society, Comex Peru, said that all the
nation's combined exports were valued at $2.24 billion in January. This
represented an increase of 37.9 percent compared to January 2009. A 14
percent decline in exports during 2009 was attributed to the global financial
crisis. Increases during 2010 were attributed to increased export volume in
Peru's primary export destinations. According to Comex Peru, overall export
volumes during 2010 are expected to return to 2008 levels.
According to the 2010 Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook, 20
percent of all Peruvian exports were sent to the United States in 2008.