The U.S. Department of Agriculture held the fifth in a series of listening
sessions Monday, July 19, designed to help the Obama administration
understand how different sectors of the economy can be assisted in helping
to adapt to changes in the climate.
Titled Helping Agriculture Adapt to a Changing Climate, the event was held in
Denver. It was organized by the Council on Environmental Quality and the
American Farmland Trust.
A federal interagency task force has been given the job of presenting a report
to the administration by October detailing how climate change might affect
different sectors and enlisted to help develop strategies to deal with those
changes. The task force has held sessions all over the country inviting
representatives from different sectors to discuss the climate change issue.
Rob Neenan, vice president of environmental affairs and sustainability for the
United Fresh Produce Association, was one of the panelists at the July 19
event. He said that the session was divided into two parts, with the climate
change experts laying out the science in the early part of the day and
representatives from industry giving their perspectives as the day wore on.
Ken Barbic, director of federal government affairs for the Western Growers
Association, who was also in attendance, said, "Western Growers is pleased to
see USDA and other agencies considering industry concerns in terms of
research focus and programs that will help growers adapt to adverse climates,
particularly in the western region of the U.S., where energy price volatility,
heat, drought and pest pressures pose constant challenges to the
competitiveness of our growers in the world market."
Mr. Barbic told The Produce News that Amy Kunugi, who manages Southern
Colorado Farms, spoke as a grower-producer on behalf of the Western
Growers Association. She spoke about the increase in weather incidents and
the need for techniques and resources to adapt to those conditions including
the development of heat, drought and pest-resistant seed varieties; more
efficient irrigation systems; more efficient application of fertilizers to reduce
cost and environmental impacts; and retooling of federal crop insurance
programs to allow more specialty crop growers to effectively mitigate risk
from adverse climate.
Officials from USDA, including Harris Sherman, USDA's undersecretary for
natural resources and environment, and Bill Hohenstein, director of USDA's
climate change program office, spoke about the work the agency is doing to
address challenges faced by agriculture. Undersecretary Sherman spoke about
the types of assistance USDA can provide in the future including work on new
seed varieties, more efficient irrigation systems and redesigning crop
Mr. Neenan said that while there is still uncertainty about the exact changes
the climate will go through over the next 40-80 years, the researchers
presented "compelling evidence" that changes are occurring. "Most of the
science does show that both the Southwest and the Southeast [areas of the
United States] are already seeing higher average temperatures, prolonged heat
spells and less rainfall." He said that the science presented shows that this
will continue to be the case, while at the same time, other areas of the
country will have more rainfall and cooler temperatures.
Mr. Neenan said that most of the presenters representing agriculture pointed
to some of the adverse effects this could have, including increased pest
pressure because of longer growing seasons and continued difficulty finding
sufficient water to irrigate crops.