With the Argentine garlic harvest completed, and the arrival of the new crops
from California and China still a couple of months away, the strong garlic
market that currently exists should persist well into summer, according to
several U.S. marketers of the product.
"It's a little too soon to tell how the California and China harvests are going to
end up," said Louis Hymel, director of purchasing and marketing for Spice
World Inc. in Orlando, FL. "But we should have a strong market at least
He said that mainland Mexico is currently the main supplier of new garlic,
with the crop in Baja California, Mexico, slated to begin harvest in several
weeks. He indicated, however, that the volume from Mexico will not be great
enough to dampen the current hot market.
Jim Provost, president of I Love Produce in Kelton, PA, agreed, stating that
there just is not enough supply to meet the current demand. While there are
still storage supplies of California and Chinese garlic available, those supplies
are dwindling and are not sufficient to fill the current gap. He said that
Mexico is a big producer of garlic, but the country's population is also a big
consumer of the product.
"Mexico is just starting, but they have a strong domestic market and they also
sell to Europe. There is going to be strong demand for Mexican garlic this
year in the United States," he said.
In fact, Mr. Provost added that Mexican buyers will probably be in the
marketplace for California and Chinese garlic once those seasons begin.
Bill Christopher, managing partner of Christopher Ranch Inc. in Gilroy, CA,
also expects a strong market for the next several months and even into the
new crop from China and California. "We expect that China's crop will be 20-
25 percent greater than 2009, but it will still be down from the 2008 crop.
We are excited about the coming season; we think it is going to be strong for
He predicted that the current demand-exceeds-supply situation will last at
least through the end of July, and he noted that Christopher Ranch has
enough storage garlic to take care of its regular customers until the new crop
begins although not enough to satisfy the needs of buyers looking for new
Mr. Provost said Monday, April 26, that the market for California garlic
coming from storage, as well as the tail end of the Argentine crop, was as
high as $55 for a 30-pound bulk carton. He said that Chinese storage garlic
was selling for about $35 for a 30-pound carton. Mr. Christopher confirmed
those prices and added that the $30-$35 market for Chinese garlic
represented a huge jump "from last year at this time when Chinese garlic was
selling for $8 a carton."
The garlic market has been very strong for about six months. Prices first
topped $50 per 30-pound carton late last year, which was the first time many
garlic marketers could remember a market that high. A significant drop in
Chinese garlic imports was the main factor in the stronger market. Mr.
Provost said that the current demand-exceeds-supply situation is worldwide,
with strong garlic prices found everywhere.
Mr. Christopher said that the expected strong market at the start of the
California season in July bodes particularly well for his company's newest
offering: green garlic. He said that the company has been very successful in
marketing the product, which is essentially a young garlic plant, harvested
while it is still green. His expectation is that when California's new season
gets underway, the retail sector will be very ready for the new crop and this
relatively new product.