A study conducted by University of California Los Angeles researchers and
published recently in the Journal of Medicinal Food further indicates the
prevalence of antioxidants in strawberries and subsequent health benefits
from eating strawberries.
According to the study, 21 healthy women ate about one-half pound of
frozen strawberries daily for three weeks. Several measures of antioxidant
capacity in the blood were taken.
Eating strawberries resulted in an increase in the body's ability to prevent the
oxidation of blood lipids such as LDL cholesterol.
Increased levels of oxidized LDL cholesterol in the blood have been identified
as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the number one killer of women
Eating strawberries regularly can increase the body's antioxidant capacity,
which may have heart, health and other benefits.
Susanne Henning, a registered dietician and adjunct professor at the David
Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA's Center for Human Nutrition, told The
Produce News that the reason only women were used in the research was to
increase the statistical power of the study.
"There is a small difference between the absorption and metabolism of
phytochemicals between men and women," Ms. Henning said. "Therefore we
wanted to go with either men or women only. In our participant pool, there
are more women, and recruitment is easier if we just enroll women. But the
results will be applicable to men as well."
Most of the analyses for the study were done in her lab, Ms. Henning said.
The Journal of Medicinal Food specializes on the effects of natural and
alternative remedies, and it was interested in publishing this study, according
to Ms. Henning.
The study said that the antioxidant power in strawberries becomes
"bioavailable" -- or ready to work in the blood -- after just a few short weeks
of eating, resulting in the potential to improve the body's defense against
David Grotto, a registered dietician and consultant to the California
Strawberry Commission, said that there's a lot of talk about the levels of
antioxidants in fruit, but that a food containing antioxidants doesn't
guarantee that those antioxidants are available for use by the body once
"This study validates the importance of eating superfoods like strawberries on
a regular basis," said Mr. Grotto, who is the author of the books 101 Optimal
Life Foods and 101 Foods That Could Save Your Life.
Antioxidants have been determined to combat free-radical damage to cells,
thus promoting health and longevity.
Mr. Grotto said that frozen strawberries are nutrient-rich and were as useful
as fresh strawberries for the study.
The study has implications for children, Mr. Grotto said. "Strawberries are a
number 1 fruit for kids," he said. "It's not a hard sell to get people to eat
(For more on California strawberries, see the March 22, 2010, issue of The